Cultural and linguistic influence on developmental neural basis of theory of mind

Whorfian hypothesis revisited
  • 1.63 MB
  • English
Nova Science , Hauppauge, N.Y
Philosophy of mind, Cognitive neuroscience, Developmental neurobiology, Neurolinguistics, Cognition -- physiology, Child, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Cultural Characteristics, Language, Social Perce
StatementChiyoko Kobayashi Frank.
LC ClassificationsBD418.3 .F727 2009
The Physical Object
Paginationp. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23697260M
ISBN 139781608763627
LC Control Number2009035163

Theory of mind (ToM) has been defined as our ability to predict behaviors of others in terms of their underlying intentions.

While the developmental trajectory of ToM had been thought to be invariant across cultures, several ToM studies conducted outside the Anglo-American cultural or linguistic milieus have obtained mixed by: Thus, an important goal of theory of mind brain imaging research is to explore a possible core neural basis that remains relatively free from cultural influence.

Description Cultural and linguistic influence on developmental neural basis of theory of mind PDF

Currently, there are more questions than answers in terms of the neural correlates of theory of mind and how they may vary across development, across languages, and across by:   Although very few studies directly examined linguistic influence on the neural basis of ToM, results from these studies indicate at least moderate influence of language on ToM.

In this review both behavioral and neurological studies that examined the relationship between language and ToM are selectively by: 6. Theory of mind (ToM)—our ability to predict behaviors of others in terms of their underlying intentions—has been thought to be universal and invariant across different cultures.

However, several ToM studies conducted outside the Anglo-American cultural or linguistic boundaries have obtained mixed by: Furthermore these results suggest that there may be important cultural influence on theory of mind and the neural correlates associated with this.

Linguistic Effects on the Neural Basis of Theory of Mind Article (PDF Available) in The Open Neuroimaging Journal 4(1) August with 82 Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Chiyoko Kobayashi Frank. cultural or linguistic milieus have obtained mixed results. To examine effects of culture/ language on the development of neural bases of ToM, we studied 12 American monolingual children and12 Japanese bilingual children with second-order false-belief story and cartoon tasks, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

While a few brain regions such. Abstract. This research examines whether an individual's linguistic knowledge, either as a speaker of a particular language or as a bilingual, influences theory of mind development.

Three- and four-year-old English monolinguals, Mandarin Chinese monolinguals, and Mandarin-English bilinguals were given appearance-reality, level 2 perspective-taking, Cited by: Theory of mind Theory of mind refers to the ability to represent, conceptualize, and reason about mental states.

In its fully mature stage, theory of mind is a domain-specific conceptual framework that treats certain perceptual input as an agent. This article reviews recent research findings investigating developmental prosopagnosia (DP).

Studies involving DP address the cognitive and neural basis of face processing. The relatively rich cognitive, neural, and developmental theories of face recognition provide a framework that should allow for rapid progress. Cognitive studies of DP provide support for the existence of Cited by: Influence People, Neuropsychology NLP: The Real Mind Control: A book that will make you understand Neuro-Linguistic Programming Gurkovsky, Rafael, Stranberg, Claire Overview: Rafael Gurkovsky is a highly acclaimed author and speaker.

Cultural learning is a uniquely human form of social learning that allows for a fidelity of transmission of behaviors and information among conspecifics not possible in other forms of social learning, thereby providing the psychological basis for cultural evolution.

Children activated these regions more than adults [94 Kobayashi C. Language and thought: linguistic influence on developmental neural basis of theory of mind In: Reed MA, Ed. Children and language: development, impairment and by: 6.

Theory of Mind and Language in Different Developmental Contexts blazes new trails in the study of the relationship between the theory of mind—that is, the ability to attribute mental states as the basis of behavior and social interaction—and language.

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This volume examines the linguistic variables within developmental contexts, including. In addition to these basic questions, it will be interesting to investigate how cultural influences on the neural substrates of human cognition interact with the effects of development and by:   We discuss four interconnected issues that we believe have hindered investigations into how language may affect thinking.

These have had a tendency to reappear in the debate concerning linguistic relativity over the past decades, despite numerous empirical findings. The first is the claim that it is impossible to disentangle language from thought, making the question concerning “influence Cited by: Neural basis of cultural influence on self-representation Ying Zhu,a,⁎ Li Zhang,b Jin Fan,c and Shihui Hana,⁎ aDepartment of Psychology, Peking University, 5 Yiheyuan Road, BeijingP.

China bSchool of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China cDepartment of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA Received 11 May ; revised. The move towards a stronger embodied mind theory of linguistics was however taken quite a bit further in Mark Johnson’s The Body in the Mind.

The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination and Reason Cited by: 3. This chapter describes the mutually defining and supportive relations between psychological development and the sociocultural contexts in which development occurs. It begins with the historical and functional basis of these relations offered by evolutionary psychology.

Details Cultural and linguistic influence on developmental neural basis of theory of mind FB2

Then the chapter discusses sociocultural contexts and why they are important for understanding by: 1. Noam Chomsky, American theoretical linguist whose work from the s revolutionized the field of linguistics by treating language as a uniquely human, biologically based cognitive capacity.

He helped to initiate and sustain what came to be known as the ‘cognitive revolution.’ Learn more about his life and career. Sociocultural theory is an emerging theory in psychology that looks at the important contributions that society makes to individual development.

This theory stresses the interaction between developing people and the culture in which they live. Sociocultural theory also suggests that human learning is largely a social process.

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states — beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc. — to oneself and to of mind is necessary to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own.

Theory of mind is crucial for everyday human social interactions and is used when analyzing. The present study sought to explore the linguistic effects on the developmental neural bases of ToM in Japanese-English late bilingual adults [who acquired English (L2) after 15 years of age] and early bilingual children [who acquired English (L2) and Japanese (L1) simultaneously before 5 years of age].Cited by: Having a theory of mind means understanding that other people’s thoughts and feelings may be different from your own.

Children with autism have difficulty developing theory of mind, which can make social interactions difficult. Find out what you can do during everyday interactions with your child to help him tune in to the thoughts and feelings of others.

Switching language switches mind: linguistic effects on developmental neural bases of ’Theory of Mind’ Chiyoko Kobayashi,1 Gary H. Glover,2 and Elise Temple3 1Department of Psychology, Cornell University, NY2Center for Advanced MR Technology at Stanford, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CAand.

So in this important way, culture does matter quite a bit to how we behave and how we think. Knoll's assessment is in line with what influential psychologist and neuroscientist Merlin Donald has written on culture's influence on our brain functioning -- and even our brain : David Vognar.

'Reason, Causation and Compatibility with the Phenomena' strives to give answers to the philosophical problem of the interplay between realism, explanation and experience.

This book is a compilation of essays that recollect significant conceptions of rival terms such as determinism and freedom, reason and appearance, power and knowledge.

This title discusses the progress. Linguistic influence on mathematical development is specific rather than pervasive: revisiting the Chinese Number Advantage in Chinese and English children.

Mark W., Dowker A. The relative linguistic transparency of the Asian counting system has been used to explain Asian students' relative superiority in cross-cultural comparisons of Cited by: Cultural imperialism, also called cultural colonialism, comprises the cultural aspects of imperialism.

"Imperialism" here refers to the creation and maintenance of unequal relationships between civilizations, favoring a more powerfulthe cultural imperialism is the practice of promoting and imposing a culture, usually that of a politically powerful nation, over.

Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP) Abstract Coderre reviews the cognitive and neural effects of bilingualism, beginning with an overview of how and where language is processed in the monolingual brain, and then extending this to multiple languages in the bilingual by: 2.

Developmental linguistics is the study of the development of linguistic ability in an individual, particularly the acquisition of language in involves research into the different stages in language acquisition, language retention, and language loss in both first and second languages, in addition to the area of infants can speak, the neural circuits in their.Behavioral theories of child development focus on how environmental interaction influences behavior and is based on the theories of theorists such as John B.

Watson, Ivan Pavlov, and B. F. Skinner. These theories deal only with observable behaviors. Development is considered a reaction to rewards, punishments, stimuli, and reinforcement.SAGE Video Bringing teaching, learning and research to life.

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